Like many businesses, the luxury passenger liner business needed a little bit of help from the government. So lucrative contracts to carry mail were given to the fastest passenger steamers which helped them make a profit. Hence a ship contracted to carry the Royal Mail was known as a “Royal Mail Steamer” abbreviated as “RMS”.
Ned Parfett, best known as the “Titanic paperboy”, holding a large banner about the sinking outside the White Star Line offices in London, April 16, 1912.
The last lifeboat successfully launched from the Titanic photographed from the Cunard Liner RMS Carpathia, on April 15, 1912. (Records of District Courts of the United States, RG 21)
RMS Titanic leaving Belfast for her sea trials on 2 April 1912
RMS Titanic during sea trials
Titanic at Southampton docks, prior to departure
Third Class ticker or steerage class, the cheapest ticket you could buy. Had you been on the Titanic you would have had a much better chance of surviving if you had a First Class Ticket. 61%of First Class passengers survived while only 24% of Third Class or steerage passengers survived. I’m sure this is a quirk and has nothing to do with the First Class passengers being wealthy. J. Bruce Ismay was the managing director of the line and was aboard the Titanic. He pulled rank to get into a lifeboat. Upon returning to England he resigned his posts and lived in seclusion in his castle in Ireland for the rest of his life.
From Titanic Facts Net:
“Are any Titanic survivors alive today?”
“No. The last living survivor died on 31 May 2009. Elizabeth Gladys ‘Millvina’ Dean, who sailed with her parents as a third-class passenger, was just 8 weeks old when Titanic sailed. Shed died, aged 97, at a nursing home in Hampshire, England. Millvina Dean had become the last living survivor on 16 October 2007, when Barbara West Dainton died, aged 96.”
The RMS Titanic in Southampton after almost colliding with the SS New York. April 10th 1912
The first International Conference on the Safety of Life at Sea, which was convened in London on November 12, 1913, legally established the International Ice Patrol. Since that time, the patrol has been conducted solely by the United States with other nations paying their share to the US Government on an annual basis.
According to the website of the US Coast Guard: uscg.mil/history/articles/
“Beginning in February of 1914, February 7, 1914….. the International Ice Observation and Ice Patrol Service. Each year since then, with exception of the wartime years, a patrol has been maintained by the U.S. Coast Guard.
That the Ice Patrol has maintained broad-based international support for over seven decades despite changing operational and technological factors is a tribute to the soundness of the basic concept. As of 1993 the governments contributing to the Ice Patrol included Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Panama, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, and United States of America.”