4/5ths German Aircraft Battle of Britain destroyed by Hawker Hurricanes

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Hawker Hurricanes fly in formation.

According to the history section of the Royal Air Force it’s estimated that Hurricane pilots were credited with four-fifths of all enemy aircraft destroyed in the Battle of Britain.

 

The Hawker Hurricane was the first operational R.A.F. aircraft capable of a top speed in excess of 300 mph. Delivery of the aircraft to front-line squadrons of Fighter Command only began in the fall of 1938. By the outbreak of war in September of 1939, Hawker Aircraft Ltd had built 497 Hurricanes from the intial RAF order of 3,500.

 

From RAF History site:

“A total of 1,715 Hurricanes flew with Fighter Command during the period of the Battle, far in excess of all other British fighters combined. Having entered service a year before the Spitfire, the Hurricane was “half-a-generation” older, and was markedly inferior in terms of speed and climb. However, the Hurricane was a robust, maneuverable aircraft capable of sustaining fearsome combat damage before write-off; and unlike the Spitfire, it was a wholly operational, go-anywhere-do-anything fighter by July 1940. It is estimated that its pilots were credited with four-fifths of all enemy aircraft destroyed in the period July-October 1940.”

 

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Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding (right) was the head of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, and the main architect of its success along with his deputy, Air vice-marshal Sir Keith Park. 

Park, a New Zealander, commanded 11 Group RAF Fighter Command

air vice marshal eqivalet to 2 star major general USA, UK,

 

Recycling Nazi Fighter Planes for Aluminum

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A huge scrap heap where German planes, brought down over Great Britain, were dumped, photographed on August 27, 1940. The large number of Nazi planes downed during raids on Britain made a substantial contribution to the national scrap metal salvage campaign. (AP Photo)

Hawker Hurricanes Win Battle of Britain

Hawker Hurricanes fly in formation. It’s estimated that Hurricane pilots were credited with four-fifths of all enemy aircraft destroyed in the Battle of Britain.

…I expect that the battle of Britain is about to begin. Upon this battle depends the survival of Christian civilisation…

[Prime Minister Winston Churchill to the House of Commons on 8 June 1940, following the collapse of France. Many thought Britain would follow.]

For those of us who read a lot of military history about World War Two, if we played a word association game and you said, “Battle of Britain,” most of us would respond, “Spitfire.”

Yet it was the Hawker Hurricane fighter which did yeoman’s service during the Battle of Britain and shot down substantially more German aircraft than the iconic Spitfire.

The Hawker Hurricane was the first fighter monoplane to join the Royal Air Force and the first combat aircraft adopted by that arm capable of exceeding 300 mph in level flight. The Hurricane shouldered the lion’s share of Britain’s defense during the ” Battle of Britain”.

A well-written and detailed article on the Hawker Hurricane can be found on the Aviation History website.

[Source: The Churchill Centre and Museum at the Churchill War Rooms London. Images courtesy of BBC and Aviation History.]