German heavy cruiser, Prinz Eugen in an undated photograph courtesy of the Imperial War Museum.
She was named for Prince Eugene of Savoy, one of the great captains in European military history. The Prince had an extraordinary military career in 18th century Europe serving the Habsburg Monarchy.
Portrait of Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663-1736).
Oil on canvas painted in 1718 by Jacob van Schuppen (1670–1751). The painting was purchased in 1806 by the State Art Museum of Amsterdam where it has been ever since.
Hugging the Norwegian shore, the German battlecruiser PRINZ EUGEN makes her way southwards while under attack from Coastal Command aircraft on the evening of 17 May 1942. The heavy anti-aircraft barrage she put up shot down three of her attackers, and a follow-up wave was intercepted by enemy fighters and suffered heavy losses. No hits were scored by the RAF, and the ship made Kiel safely the following day. (Photo by RAF official photographer, HQ Coastal Command, courtesy of the Imperial War Museum).
Since she had survived so much combat in World War Two, the Prinz Eugen was known as the “lucky ship” of the Kriegsmarine. She spent the winter months of 1945 providing fire support to German armies fighting in the Ost Krieg. Subsequent to that duty, she finished the war transporting refugees from East Prussia to Northern Germany. Due to fuel and ammunition shortages, as well as worn out rifling in the barrels of her main armament, she docked in Copenhagen in late April. (Denmark was still under German occupation)
The Prinz Eugen was surrendered to the Royal Navy on 7 May 1945. In the months to come, all of Germany’s naval assets were divided amongst the Great Powers. During those negotiations, she became a prize of war of the United States.
Prinz Eugen transiting the Panama Canal in 1946.
(Official USN Photograph from the US National Archives)
In December 1945, she was commissioned into the U.S. Navy as the USS Prinz Eugen--the only foreign warship in the modern era commissioned into the US Navy. In order to sail the ship to the United States, the US Navy required many of the German crew to help operate the ship. They all volunteered since most had no job prospects and were paid in American dollars.
Half-way across the Atlantic, the ship broke down and had to be towed the rest of the way. The demands of the war kept the Prinz Eugen from receiving nothing but the most minimal maintenance. Much of her equipment was worn out especially her engines.
After being studied by US Navy experts who examined her technology and design, some of it superior to the US versions, she was sent to Bimini Atoll in the Marshall Islands as one of the ships anchored there for atomic testing. Atomic bombs were exploded in 1946 so the navy could understand the effect of an atomic blast wave on naval vessels.
Prinz Eugen anchored at the Bikinia Atoll before the atomic tests in 1946. Official US Navy photograph,
The proprietors of the following company have taken extensive photographs and video of both the wrecked Japanese ships in Kwajalein area with many of the Prinz Eugen. You can contact them here for more information:
According to Underwaterkwaj “After surviving the tests, she was towed to Kwajalein, where she developed a leak and sank next to Ennubuj Island. Her bow is about 35 meters depth while the screws and rudder, obviously, protrude from the water. One prop (the sawed-off shaft) was removed and taken to a museum in Germany. The ship is an interesting dive, but due to the deterioration of the metal and upside down position, can be disorienting and potentially dangerous. Kwajalein Island can be seen in the background.”
photo and caption courtesy of: http://www.underwaterkwaj.com/kwaj/eugen.htm
Alas, even in the far-off Marshalls, you cannot get away from vandals and graffiti. Those are some common Marshallese surnames painted on the prop blades and hub. The prop is also a rest stop for a noddy tern (on the prop blade) and a whimbrel (on the prop hub, with a long bill).
(Adds Charles McCain: graffiti is annoying and unsightly. Believe it or not, inside various structures in Egypt and other places where Roman soldiers went, they left graffiti which is still readable after centuries. And its the usual kind of moronic lines people always write in a generic way relative to their time: Maximus was here in the reign of Emperor Marcus Aurelius.)