Pressure groups from the Anti-Saloon League to the Women’s Christian Temperance Union united to pressure the US Congress into enacting the 18th Amendment to the Constitution which prohibited the sale of alcoholic drinks. This interference with the personal habits of American citizens was a triumph of moral hypocrisy by the conservative forces in the US and had very little effect on the availability of alcohol. The self-righteous prig who led the Anti-Saloon League, Wayne Wheeler, invented the term, “pressure group.”
Passed by Congress December 18, 1917. Ratified January 16, 1919. Repealed by amendment 21.
After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.