German Propaganda Posters – 1933 Referendum

Other WWII Propaganda Poster posts

Tad found a great collection of Nazi Propaganda that has been collected by a college professor in Michigan, Randall Bytwerk. I’ve shown plenty of WW2 propaganda posters but the majority have been from the Allied side of the war and I’m using this opportunity to showcase the types of propaganda used by the Germans and will be highlighting some of these posters over the next few months.

Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party utilized the elections and referendums throughout the 1930’s to legitimize their rule. Numerous elections were held during this time as one after another government and cabinet fell to political maneuvering and infighting amongst the various major political figures. Paul von Hindenburg was 84 years old and senile when he was re-elected German President in 1932. He was viewed favorably by the German people and Hitler’s opponent calculated that Hindenburg was the only person who could defeat Hitler in the election for President. January 1933 saw Hindenburg appoint Hitler German Chancellor and the 1933 March Reichstag election would further cement Hitler and the Nazi party’s power in German government.

The following campaign posters for the election show Hitler with Hindenburg in an attempt to equate the two in the mind of the German public. ‘A vote for Hitler is a vote for Hindenburg.’

Here’s are Randall’s posters and comments regarding the 1933 referendum:

This poster is from the March 1933 Reichstag election, the last one in which Germans had a choice. The poster shows President Hindenburg and Chancellor Hitler. The caption: “The Reich will never be destroyed if you are united and loyal.”

Another March 1933 poster. The text: “In the deepest need Hindenburg chose Adolf Hitler for Reich Chancellor. You too should vote for List 1.”

This poster is for the 5 March 1933 Reichstag election. The top text: “Bill for the Social Democratic Party (SPD), presented by the starving German people.” It lists the alleged sins of the Socialists, and concludes: “German people! That is fourteen years of serfdom. Never forget it! Now you must demand payment. You will receive that payment if you vote for Adolf Hitler.”

[Images courtesy of Randall Bytwerk at Calvin College.]

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Charles McCain

Charles McCain is a Washington DC based freelance journalist and novelist. He is the author of "An Honorable German," a World War Two naval epic. You can read more of his work on his website: http://charlesmccain.com/

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